The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law in 1990. The ADA is a civil rights law that stops discrimination (unfair treatment) against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else. This law has 5 titles (parts).
Rights are conditions that cannot be changed or taken away, by anyone else, even by the government or the state. Every individual has rights, and it is the job of the government and legal system to protect and maintain these rights.
People with disabilities have the right to the same employment opportunities and benefits available to people without disabilities. Employers must provide reasonable accommodations (adjustments to job responsibilities or environment) and help to qualified applicants or employees.
People with disabilities have the right to all programs, activities and services of public agencies; that includes all state and local governments, their departments, and does not allow discrimination (unfair treatment) against qualified people with disabilities.
People with disabilities have the right to public accommodations including privately-owned, leased, or operated facilitates like hotels, restaurants, retail merchants, doctor’s offices, golf courses, private schools, day care centers, health clubs, sports stadiums, movie theaters etc., and prohibits discrimination (unfair treatment).
People with disabilities have the right to communicate over the phone with telecommunication, (sharing of information across far distances), relay services as well as closed captioning of federally funded public service announcements.
The final title contains a variety of rules relating to the ADA, including its relationship to other laws, state immunity, its impact on insurance providers and benefits, prohibition against retaliation and coercion, illegal use of drugs, and attorney’s fees. This title also provides a list of certain conditions that are not to be considered as disabilities.