Blood pressure is the pressure of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Arteries carry blood from your heart to other parts of your body. Blood pressure normally rises and falls during the day, but it can cause health problems if it stays too high throughout the day. High blood pressure is also called hypertension.
Blood Pressure is measured using two numbers. The f irst, called Systolic, measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats. The second number, called Diastolic, measures the artery pressure when your heart rests between beats.
Normal systolic pressure is less than 120 mm Hg. and normal diastolic pressure is less than 80 mm Hg. High blood pressure is when these two numbers are 130/80 mm Hg or higher. The higher your blood pressure the more you are at risk for heart disease, heart attacks, strokes and kidney disease.
High blood pressure has no warning signs. The only way to know if you have high blood pressure is to measure it.
Some medical conditions can increase your risk for high blood pressure, such as Diabetes and being overweight. Other risk factors include:
Before you can manage high blood pressure you have to know you have it. So, an annual visit to you doctor is important so he or she can measure your blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure: